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Archaic Statuary Art - Monumental Beginnings

 

In the Archaic period around 650 BC, the Greeks began to create monumental marble statues of young women and men. They are known as "korai" and "kouroi", which in Greek means as much as "girls" and "youths". Right from the beginning, the human being in its vitality and individuality is the major theme of Greek large-scale statuary art.

Kouroi always have the same stance: The left foot is set forward. The weight of the upper body is distributed evenly between the two legs, so that there is no shifting of weight in the figure. What is depicted here is agility, not emotion. Consequently the arms hang closely to the body, the fists are closed. The head is directed forward, the gaze is straight ahead. The face, with the corners of the mouth slightly upturned - which is known as the archaic smile - and the clear cut, arresting eyes addresses the beholder directly.

The human body is captured in accurate anatomic detail. Yet stylised features such as on the costal arch or the abdominal muscles indicate that what was important for the Greeks was always an ideal - not a naturalistic - depiction of man.

The "kouroi" are naked: Physical beauty was high on the Greeks' scale of values and together with intellectual assets belonged to the ideal of an overall admirable person. "Kalós kai agathós" - "beautiful and good" - is the Greek phrase that sums it up.

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Glyptothek München

15. Juni 2013

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15. Juni 2013

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Pompejanum Aschaffenburg

15. Juni 2013

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Aenean commodo ligula eget dolor. Aenean massa. Cum sociis natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus.