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Sculpture in the Classical Period - The Pursuit of Proportion and Harmony

 

The 5th and 4th centuries BC are known as the Classical era of art. This is not a modern concept, even in ancient times it was regarded as such. Right up until Roman times, the Classical era was regarded as the model stylistic period of Greek art. It conceived the human body as an organism, in which antagonistic forces were to be brought into harmonious balance.

The most noticeable difference with respect to the sculptures of the archaic period is the new posture: Whereas in the archaic statue the weight was divided equally between the two legs, now the torso is borne by the mighty "supporting leg", while the "free leg" which is set sideways or slightly to the rear, merely stabilises the delicate balance of the figure. The upper body makes a counter movement. This new style is known as "contrapposto".

This change in posture leads to movement in the body. Muscles are now stretched or contracted. The interdependence of the various parts of the body are therefore clear to see. At the same time, various sections merge quite effortlessly, the axial symmetry of the archaic era no longer applies.

Contrapposto and the attendant motion that engages the entire body are the artistic means of expressing vitality in general. This motion is not spontaneous; action is not what counts here. By differentiating between active and passive parts of the body it becomes clear that man is deliberately holding his own against all odds.

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Glyptothek München

15. Juni 2013

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15. Juni 2013

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Pompejanum Aschaffenburg

15. Juni 2013

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Aenean commodo ligula eget dolor. Aenean massa. Cum sociis natoque penatibus et magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus.